The first known settlement in Lincoln, dating back to the first century BC, was around the Brayford Waterfront area, giving the place its original name Lindon: ?Lindo? translating as ?The Pool? in the Celtic language (similar to Dublin's name Gaelic for ?Black Pool?).
Timber houses and pottery have been found dating back to that time on the east of the pool. In fact the famous Witham Shield, belonging to a local tribe's chief, was found in the River Witham heading east from the Brayford area (near Washingborough). It dates back to 300BC and is now housed in the British Museum.
Through the years the Romans, Vikings, Saxons, Normans and other civilisations have made Lincoln their home. Read on to find out more.
It was the Romans who first settled in Lincoln, around AD 50, and built a wooden fortress at the top of the hill, later turned into a colonia (retiring home for soldiers. Lindon was latinised to become Lindum Colonia.