From its beginnings as a military fort, Corbridge evolved into a vibrant civilian settlement ? the most northerly town in the Roman Empire. Unlike other settlements in the area, it continued to flourish even in the later stages of Roman rule in Britannia.
Roman Corbridge was set at the junction of two major roads: Dere Street, running north to south, and the Stanegate, running east to west. The nearby river Tyne provided another major route for trade and travel.
The history of Roman Corbridge is entwined with that of Hadrian?s Wall, just 2.5 miles to the north. Soldiers passed through to serve on the Wall, while the traders working in the town?s bustling high street provided the Wall with vital supplies.
The town?s original name, Coria, means ?hosting place? in Celtic, indicating its function as a central meeting place at the north-western frontier of the Roman Empire.
In 1964 archaeologists unearthed a wooden chest buried by a Roman soldier some 1,800 years earlier. Now known as the Corbridge Hoard, some objects from this fascinating time capsule can be seen in the museum.